Hon'ble Mr.Justice R.V.Raveendran, Hon'ble Mr.Justice H.S.Bedi, Judges of the Supreme Court of India, my esteemed colleague Justice MMS Bedi, my other colleague from Delhi High Court Justice Ravinder Bhatt, and from Uttrakhand High Court Justice Rajesh Tandon, Shri Hawa Singh Hooda, Advocate General, Haryana, Shri S.Kumar, President, Law Alliance, Dr.J.Bischoff, GTZ, Dr.Anmol Rattan Sidhu, President of the High Court Bar Association, Shri Rajeev Kwatra, Senior DAG, Haryana, Dr.B.C.Gupta, Home Secretary, Punjab, other office bearers of Bar Association, members of the Legal fraternity, ladies and gentlemen.

               Whem Mr.Kumar approached me for holding this seminar/workshop, I told him that it is very nice place. People here are interested in understanding the dimensions and the problem of environmental degradation and contribution made by the Courts in our Country and I am happy that this has been made possible by Law Alliance by holding this workshop in this beautiful city of Chandigarh. I am grateful to Justice Raveendran, Justice H.S.Bedi, who have spared their valuable time to participate in this workshop. Members of Bar in Chandigarh are doing whatever positive at their end for making people aware of problem of environmental degradation in a big way. The only objection which I have got is to the topic, the topic is The Laws-Environment and Sustained Development but to my mind, inspite of Sustained Development, it ought to have been Sustainable Development. We want sustained development or sustainable development as these are two different terms. I believe that when India signed the 1972 Stockholm conference on sustainable development, it was with this idea that those countries who have developed, have reached the level of development in their economic development process, the parameters and the guidelines with regard to Environment degradation and preservation of the environment, cannot mutates mutandis be applicable to the developing countries because we are still in the process of development. We cannot apply the principle which hitherto been made applicable in the international law relating to environment. But please do not misunderstand me because in India Supreme Court has gone much beyond what has been universally accepted in Fletcher's case, the doctrine based on Polluters pay principle. Industry which pollutes can take a plea that Industry never knew that this activity will result in pollution but Indian Supreme Court in Oleam Gas leak case made a departure from Fletcher's case and made applicability of strict liability clause. That means that an Industry cannot take a plea that they never knew that the activity indulges in by Industry would result in degradation of environment. That is to say that knowledge of outcome of the activity is not relevant if such activity has led to environmental hazards. The Industry cannot escape its liability under the doctrine of strict liability. Therefore, pertaining to Sustainable Development, our Courts particularly the Supreme Court has gone much ahead. The practice adopted by the developed nations pursuant to Flethcer's case.

               What is of great and paramount importance for all of us is that the stake holders of the Society must understand with concern as to what is happening in this country. Mr.Kumar has rightly said about the Himalayan Glaciers- what will happen after 40 or 50 years but what is happening today almost all the rivers - Satluj Beas and Ravi in Punjab, the amount of pollution, the amount of toxicant, the amount of industrial affluent which they are carrying is unbelievable. Therefore, time has come, if we want to have this State, this Country free from pollution for healthy environment, to keep our flaura or fauna free from pollution then it has to be an enlighten movement either through the forum of law alliance or through other forums to enlighten our people of the dangers of such pollution by sustained efforts to awaken them, sensitize them and enforce the relevant laws regarding environments.

             In India, we have got a habit, I clean my house and throw everything in street, the street may get polluted my house is clean. Is it so ? Is it really clean ? You go to inspect industrial unit, you will find very beautiful lawn, nice trees but that industry is discharging affluent, which is ultimately carried to a choe, river or rivulet. What we are doing. We have got enforcement agencies, we have got Pollution Board but in spite of all these organisations and authorities, all this is happening. Therefore, by these kinds of symposiums, workshops, we can achieve the desired results of making people aware so as to create a awakening in them to become active participant in this movement. Of course the Media is also playing a big role by highlighting these issues.

                 Now take the example of water. My predecessor speaker was talking about no water in North Delhi. The other day, I went to Punjab Agriculture University, they invited me to inaugurate a Kisan Mela. There the main emphasis was on two themes one was `Environment Bachao, Punjab Bachao- and the second was Eradication of female foeticide. 70,000 farmers gathered in that Kisan Mela and main topic of discussion was what our farmers are doing by burning the husk of Paddy or dry leaves or other organic manure. It creates such hazards pollutes the air. Sowing of paddy, continuous utilization of ground water, what harm it will cause for the future generations. They have to understand. We have to undertake lot of efforts in that regard. How to do it ? How to use ? When to cultivate ? Which particular month paddy has to be sown, one week before the monsoon so that minimum water is taken from under ground sources. Otherwise, we will not leave anything for our future generation. We are exploiting our resources and leaving nothing for future generation. We must conserve, we must preserve for our future generation.

                   In the international context of application of Environmental Law vis-a-vis the Municipal Laws, I am reminded of a conference in the Carribean. Concern of the Carribbeans' was that the Japanese Nuclear waste passes through the pacific via Carribbean countries to the southern America. Now even carrying the nuclear waste, it deteriorates the life of the citizens from where it passes on account of radio active affluent. There was lot of hue and cry. All waste of the developed world is dumped into the developing countries. That is another area where our Law, our system and our agencies have to do something.

               I am reminded of that last year the Supreme Court interfered in the matter of a french ship carried hazardous waste and held that everything toxicants and other waste should not be off loaded on the shores of India. We have environmental issues and until and unless the stake holders are involved and there is sensitization, awakening of the thought process between all the stake holders, it is difficult to have the environmental degradation stopped. Therefore, I appeal to you, who have assembled here, to take keen interest because it is not for us but is for us to see what kind of future we want to give to the coming generation. There is one paragraph, which I always like to quote from the book of Alfin Toffler, The Future Shock, because what he wrote 20 years back is relevant even today.

           "Modern scientific and technological progress is proceeding at a pace which has no parallel in history. Man is planning of developing colonies on Moon and Mars. It is difficult to understand whether it is shortage of space on earth which is persuading him to do so or it is because of his finding difficulty of protecting against the ill effects of technological, economic and social advances that he proposes to find recluse somewhere else in the universe other than the Earth. There is a need for a new dimension of thought process for us if we have to survive."

                               Thanking you very much.