OF HON'BLE MR. JUSTICE VIJENDER JAIN, CHIEF JUSTICE, PUNJAB AND HARYANA
HIGH COURT, CHANDIGARH IN A SEMINAR ON "RENEWABLE ENERGY- CLIMATE
CHANGE-CDM" ON 27TH FEBRUARY, 2008 AT PHD CHAMBERS, DAKSHIN MARG,
At a time when we are aiming at the mission to inhabit the moon, it
is a pity that we are still looking for sustainable source of energy when
our known resources are going to end in the coming 25 to 40 years.
our planet earth human beings are one of God's creatures that believe in
living dangerously. Man takes from nature what suits him without a through
for tomorrow, or the harm he does to nature that will eventually backfire
on him and on the generations that will follow him. This is the message
that the concerned environmentalists try to drum into the uncaring masses.
is one such areas that takes out a lot from nature. The face of the earth
is ruthlessly dug up for man's endless greed for Coal, petroleum and
related gases. Let us conserve them
for if they are exhausted, we will all perish.
is the engine of industrial development. It is needed for transporting
farmers' produce to markets, children to school, and people to their
jobs. It is needed to run hospitals, to feed malnourished and growing
populations, to create industries that can compete globally, and to
provide households with lighting, heating, cooking and refrigeration.
present, the developed world consumes most of current energy production
while the developing world struggles to meet its energy needs. It has been
estimated that the developed world, which comprises 20 per cent of the
planet's population, uses about 80 per cent of the energy produced
globally. This unequal share of energy use among nations contributes
greatly to environmental degradation.
fuel supply most of the energy consumed today. They are relatively
concentrated and pure energy sources and easy to exploit and provide cheap
energy. The breakup of energy consumed presently in the world is in the
following ratio: oil 405%, natural gas 22.5%, coal 23.5%, hydroelectric 7%,
nuclear 6%, biomass and other 0.7%. However, the reserve of fossils are
limited and therefore a need is felt to explore and develop renewable
sources of energy to meet with the ever growing demand of energy.
ranks sixth in the world in total energy consumption and needs to
accelerate the development of the sector to meet its growth aspirations.
The country, though rich in coal and abundantly endowed with renewable
energy in the form of solar, wind, hydro and bio-energy has very small
hydrocarbon reserves (0.4% of the world's reserve). India, like many
other developing countries, is a net importer of energy, and more than 25
per cent of primary energy needs are being met through imports mainly in
the form of crude oil and natural gas. The rising oil import bill has been
the focus of serious concerns due to the pressure it has placed on foreign
exchange resources and is also largely responsible for energy supply
shortages. The sub-optimal consumption of commercial energy adversely
affects and productive sectors, which in turn hampers economic growth.
demand for power has been growing rapidly in view of the galloping
economic development and steep population growth. It has, therefore,
become indispensable in an economy to supplement the Conventional Energy
Sources by Renewable sources of Energy in as much as they offer clean and
green sources of energy and are available abundantly in nature.
It is well known that India's power sector is characterized by
inadequate and inefficient supply. While installed power capacity has
increased from a meager 1,362 MW to over 130,000 MV since independence,
consumers still face frequent power cuts and fluctuating voltages and
frequencies. Much of the
population remains unconnected to the public power system. System losses
are high throughout India's
transmission and distribution networks and financial losses are more than
U.S.$ 6.5 billion per year.
performance is well below commercial standards.
Tariffs are distorted with a high degree of cross subsidy; and, on
average, do not come close to covering the costs of service.
Low tariffs, however, do not often benefit the poor who largely
lack access, especially in rural areas.
For example, while over 80 percent of villages are electrified, it
is estimated that only about 55 percent of households have access to
a mater of fact, India has sufficient energy sources like wind energy,
solar energy, biomass and other forms of bio- energy, tidal energy, ocean-thermal energy and
geo-thermal energy etc.
Sources are inexhaustible in nature and can be replenished with human
effort at a lesser cost on a large scale basis. Sources of energy in India can be improved chulhas, biogas
plants, short rotation fuelwood tree species, biomass gasifiers, solar
thermal, solar photovoltaic systems, wind farms, wind mills, biomass based
cogeneration plants, small and micro hydel systems, power generation from
the urban-municipal and industrial wasters, hydrogen energy and ocean
India now has the fourth largest wind power capacity in the world
(after Germany, United States and Denmark).
Out of the total installed capacity of approximately 8,000 MW of
grid interactive renewable power in India, wind power accounts for a major
share-6,280 MW. However, there is more that remains to be tapped.
Estimates put India's wind power potential at 45,000 MW.
Biomass is yet another important source of energy with potential to
generate power to the extent of more than 50% of the country's
requirements. India is predominantly an agricultural economy, with huge
quantity of biomass available in the form of husk, straw, shells of
coconuts, wild bushes and other material generated locally. With an
estimated production of 350 million tons of agricultural waste every year,
biomass is capable of supplementing coal to the tune of about 200 million
tones producing 17,000 MW of power and resulting in a saving of about Rs.
20,000 crores every year. Biomass can be used in three ways- one in the
form of gas through gasifiers for thermal applications, second in the form
of methane gas to run gas engines to produce power and the third through
combustion to produce steam and thereby generate power.
Solar Power was once considered, like nuclear power, "too cheap
to meter" but this proved illusory because of the high cost of
photovoltaic cells and due to limited demand.
other sources of renewable energy are geothermal, ocean, hydrogen and fuel
cells. These have immense energy potential, though tapping this potential
for power generation and other applications calls for development of
view of world wide demand for energy and concern for environmental safety
there is need to search for alternative to petrol and diesel for use in
automobiles. Ethanol produced from molasses or cane juice, when used as
fuel will reduce the dependence on crude oil and help to curtail
pollution. Further, technology is also being developed to convert
different vegetable oils especially non-edible oils as bio-diesel for use
in the transport sector. They are however in Research & Development
are few thoughts I wanted to
share with you in this meeting so that more and more seminars of this
nature can be held to highlight this problem and solutions in the energy
sector and laws relating to energy.